India Essay

2984 Words Nov 4th, 2015 12 Pages
Darkness of the Caste System
Namra Wasif

Essay # 2
Essay Topic 3 India: Life, Culture and the Arts, HUMA2440 Fridays, Khyati Nagar 24/03/2014

The caste system which evolved from Hinduism in India has caused the lower ranked people known as the untouchables to face continuous hardships throughout their lives for many centuries. India achieved its independence as a country in 1947; however, its marginalized groups have yet to obtain such freedom because of continuous discrimination. Although, many social reforms had been initiated by various leaders, yet they had very low levels of impact in the Indian society. This can be seen by examining the strong beliefs of the Hindu religion by its people
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Their job in the society is to do the unclean work such as toilet cleaning, removing garbage, and thus, causing them to be considered as impure. For the purpose of removing the unjust caste system, Jotirao Govindrao Phule a social reformer revolted against the social stigma of untouchability. (Teltumbde: 190). He was born in Poona, Maharashtra into mali (gardener) low caste in the year 1827 (Rubinoff: 03/07/2014). He was a social reformer who sought to remove the unjust against the victims of the caste system (Teltumbde: 190). Jyotirao Phule along with his followers started a religious movement called, Satyashodhak Samaj, meaning the society of seekers of truth in the year 1873 (Teltumbde: 190). The main purpose of this movement was to liberate the Shudra`s and the Ati-Shudra`s (dalits) from extreme exploitation from the upper castes (Rubinoff: 03/07/2014). At the same time, Phule allowed the untouchables to use the water well near his house to signify that everyone is equal despite what caste one belongs to. Regardless of Phule’s exceptional work to eliminate oppression towards the lower castes, it still exists to this day. As a result, the most compelling evidence shown according to the 2010 survey by the Navsarjan Trust and the Robert F. Kennedy Center for Justice and Human Rights in India, believed that, “ninety-eight forms of untouchability were practiced against dalits”(Teltumbde: 187). As well as, “90.8 percent cases dalits were not allowed into

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