A good link, but I could not copy from: http://www.socialwatchindia.net/IMAGES/Low_Under_Globalization_for_desktop_printer.pdf http://www.accountabilityindia.in/accountabilityblog/1351-process-lawmaking-india
The Process of Lawmaking in India
This post is an attempt to explain the process of law making in India. It also explains how citizen groups can participate in the process of lawmaking.
Who makes laws? In India, at the central level, laws are formulated by the Parliament and at the state level by Legislative Assemblies and Councils.
How is a law made?
The process of enacting a new law can be broadly divided into four steps:
Step 1: The need for a new law, or an amendment to an existing piece of
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* After a Bill has been introduced, the Presiding Officer of the concerned House (Speaker in case of the Lok Sabha, Chairman in case of Rajya Sabha) may refer the Bill to the concerned Department Related Standing Committee for examination. * The Standing Committee considers the broad objectives and the specific clauses of the Bill referred to it and may invite public comments on a Bill. For example, the Standing Committee on Science and Technology, Environment and Forests has invited suggestions on the Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Bill, 2010. * Bills which come under the ambit of a number of different ministries, may be referred to a Joint Comittee. * The Committee then submits its recommendations in the form of a report to Parliament. * In the Second Reading (Consideration), the Bill is scrutinized thoroughly. Each clause of the Bill is discussed on the floor of the House and may be accepted, amended or rejected. * During the Third Reading (Passing), the House votes on the redrafted Bill. * If the Bill is passed in one House, it is then sent to the other House, where it goes through second and third readings. * During the second reading, the Government, or any MP, may introduce amendments to the Bill, some of which may be based on recommendations of the Standing Committee. However, the Government is not bound to accept the Committee’s recommendations.
Step 4: After both Houses of Parliament pass a Bill, it