Increasing Gender And Racial Salary Gaps And Occupational Standing

1581 Words Sep 10th, 2016 7 Pages
The STEM careers have the potential to reduce gender and racial salary gaps and occupational standing. STEM careers are seen as higher status with higher pay than other fields, which also keeps STEM professionals in secure and high paying jobs (Rothwell, 2013). While there has been a documented current increase in females and minorities choosing to pursue these jobs, they also continue to be underrepresented in the STEM field. There are many factors that affect these students’ choice to pursue a career in STEM. Some of these factors include the early educational experience, student’s background characteristics, messages from surrounding social system the self-efficacy, and their engagement. Other factors which have been proven inaccurate include biological constraints, aspiration levels, mathematical ability differences, and similar differences in the science field. One of the most important factors is the early educational experiences. The underrepresentation of females and minorities is the product of a stratified American educational system that shapes academic and career choices long before students arrive on a college campus (Perry et. all, 2012). Most individuals who work in STEM fields report being interested by age eleven. STEM is the future for the children because it is one of the best career options. Research shows that the earlier that students are exposed to STEM, the more natural a pathway to a career becomes as the young child becomes an adolescent. High…

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