Incident Based Nursing Peer Review Essay
Incident based nursing peer review take place when a nurse’s action or practice is questionable or a hospital receives a complaint regarding a nurse’s conduct. Therefore, the purpose of the incident based peer review is to determine if a nurse’s action or practice was a minor incident that can be remediated or if the nurse’s continued practice represents “risk of harm” to a patient or another person; In the event that the nurse’s practice is determined to be “risk of harm,” the nurse shall be reported to the Texas Board of Nursing (BON).
In order “to attain Magnet recognition an organization must establish formalized, systematic peer-review nursing practice to evaluate nursing care and nursing-care providers” (Haag-Heitman & George, 2011, p. 1). It is important to realize that the function of the nursing peer review committee (NPRC) is to ensure quality nursing care delivery and to enhance professional accountability. As a result, the NPRC is responsible for review clinical cases in a nonpunitive manner. With this in mind, the NPRC members and coordinators are trained on how to conduct a case review, how to lead a meeting, maintain confidentiality, and how to provide constructive feedback and coaching (Spiva, Jarrell, & Baio, 2014, p. 586). Indeed, “the peer review process stimulates professionalism through increased accountability and promotes self-regulation of the practice” (Haag-Heitman & George, 2011, p. 1).