Essay on Incarceration Of The United States

1128 Words Nov 21st, 2016 5 Pages
Incarceration rates in American has grown dramatically over the years. According to the American Psychological Association (2014), the United States makes up about 5 percent of the world’s population but has more than 20 percent of the world’s prison population thus making it the world’s largest jailer (America Psychological Association, 2014). The Unites States has relied on imprisonment as a form of punishment and rehabilitation for those who commit criminal offenses. Currently, there are 2.3 million Americans detained in state prisons, federal prisons, and local jails for violent and non-violent offenses (Rabuy & Wagner, 2016).
Research suggests that there are more African Americans under correctional control than any other race. According to research conducted by McDaniel et al. (2013), incarceration rates for men of color are 6 times higher than for white men, and 2 times higher than rates for Hispanic men (McDaniel, Simms, Monson, & Fortuny, 2013, p 3). The spike in incarceration rates disproportionately affects the African American community. Removing African Americans men from society negatively impacts self and social relationships. Inmates are forced to surrender their freedoms and independence over to the criminal justice system. This transition may cause and array of psycho-social effects on themselves and their families. Families of inmates may be vulnerable as they must adapt to life without their relative. This separation places the family at risk of…

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