Incarcerated Parents Essay

1637 Words 7 Pages
Literature Review Millions of young children in the United States have a parent or parents who are incarcerated or have been incarcerated for the better half of their lives. In fact, research shows that the number of children with parents in prison has doubled, making them one of the most at-risk populations in the United States (Miller, 2006). Having an incarcerated parent or parents could have many negative impacts on the child’s social and mental health. Researchers hypothesize that exposure to neighborhoods with a high crime rate, poverty, and/or violence is more significant among children with incarcerated parents (Gabel & Shindledecker, 1993). I believe that the incarceration of a parent ultimately leads to, and could be instrumental …show more content…
Since the remaining care-taker parent might either have to work for longer hours or might seek supplementary employment, the oldest child is obligated to assist the remaining parent. They might also be forced to find a job or an extra job to help support their family. This, consequently, limits the child’s participation in activities in school such as sports, clubs and dances where they have the opportunities to make friends. Unfortunately, this significantly hinders the child’s appreciation and enjoyment of the school atmosphere, ultimately leading to resentment towards their peers and the institution of education as a …show more content…
Due to the personal inner conflict over the imprisonment of their parents in addition to the separation from their parents, this may lead children to become reserved and distant amongst their peers. Alternatively, they either manifest some antisocial behaviors or might develop unusual pro-social behavior, declining the rebellious social behavior of their father (Hagan & Dinovitzer, 1999). This is evidence of resentment towards their parent who is incarcerated. Some children blame the mental, emotional, and economic hardships they are forced to endure on their incarcerated parent, developing resentment and sometimes hatred for their parent. Subsequently, some kids might exhibit developmental challenges as a result of growing without a father figure who would have taught them what was right from wrong. In addition, the child might also develop with trauma after witnessing the arrest of his/her

Related Documents