The Pros And Cons Of In Vitro Fertilization

2081 Words 9 Pages
In a world that glorifies designer brands, where does it end? Society places expensive designer handbags, clothing, and accessories on a pedestal. The names of famous designers lurk in each shopping plaza. In 1977, perhaps two of the most inventive designers, Edwards and Steptoe started a revolution. Edwards and Steptoe successfully fertilized the first egg via in vitro. Louise Brown became known as the world’s first “designer baby”, born in 1978 to her mother Lesley. This revolutionary experiment would soon become a savior to infertile couples in the United Kingdom, eventually spreading to other countries such as the United States and Canada. Foremost, in vitro fertilization is a complicated and complex series of procedures, with the …show more content…
In the case of multiple births, there is a higher risk of early labor and low birth weight -- which does not work in favor of the child, death is very common. Children conceived through in vitro fertilization are at increased risk for premature delivery, resulting in underdevelopment. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome is a serious medical condition which impacts the ovaries due to medications used to induce egg production. Ovarian hyperstimulation is rare but also severe, resulting in death or intense illness. The usage of frozen eggs during in vitro fertilization increases the risk of miscarriage. The age of the mother is highly correlated to the rates of miscarriages during in vitro fertilization as well. Egg retrieval complications can include: bleeding, infection or damage to the bowels, bladder, or blood vessels -- due to the aspirating needle used to collect eggs. Ectopic pregnancy is a very alarming risk of in vitro fertilization, although it only occurs in about two to five percent of women during the procedure. In the case of an ectopic pregnancy, a fertilized egg sticks itself outside of the uterus. A fertilized egg cannot survive anywhere outside of the uterus. If not removed, internal …show more content…
According to PBS, some benefits include helping infertile couples and preventing birth defects. Many men and women suffer from infertility and wish to bear a child, as adoption does not always satisfy maternal needs. Infertile couples can procreate because of the in vitro fertilization technology. Birth defects can also be reduced because during the preimplantation genetic diagnosis imperfect embryos become eliminated. In vitro fertilization creates a sense of artificial selection, the wanted and best traits carry on and the weaker or diseased do not. Test tube or designer babies hold the capability to evolve into healthier and stronger

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