In the Years Between 1547-1558, English Government Was at Its Most Effective During the Rule of Mary I

1812 Words Apr 30th, 2013 8 Pages
“In the years 1547-1558, English government was at its most effective during the rule of Mary I” How valid is this statement? (45 marks)

Government is the governing body of a nation, and during Tudor England, the government was the monarch, due to royal prerogative. Also, for a government to be classed as effective, it must have been successful in achieving a desired outcome. I believe that Edward was a more effective monarch than Mary between 1550 and 1553 due to the work of Northumberland, because during this time the government had effective financial, foreign and religious policies, and an effective internal security.
An effective foreign policy could be described as making alliances, gaining land with beneficial resources and
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The war with Scotland only meant more spending, with him using garrisons to control the border, an expense that England could not afford. To fund the war, Somerset debased the coinage, which caused taxes to be created, such as the sheep tax, and high inflation. Also, Somerset sold crown lands, but spent the income on the war, creating large debt. Overall, it is clear to see that whilst Edward was in power with Somerset as his regent, there was not an effective financial policy used at all.
During Edward’s rule where Northumberland was his advisor, a rather effective financial policy was put into action, with him collecting crown debts and taxes effectively, and by cutting back the expenses of the government. Northumberland ended the war with France and through the Treaty of Boulogne, gained £133,000 from France. However, by attempting to restore the coinage, Northumberland nearly cause the crown to become bankrupt, resulting in him having to debase the coinage, which resulted in increased tax. Overall, whilst having Northumberland as his regent, Edward used quite effective financial policy, with him only leaving a debt of £185,000 and having made a few reforms to the financial bureaucracy.
Under the rule of Mary I between 1553 and 1558, there were elements of an effective financial policy used, with her continuing

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