Improving Student Enrolment And Constructing World Class Universities

1974 Words Sep 21st, 2016 8 Pages
In pre-reform higher education governance system, Chinese central government occupied an absolutely dominant position. After the Chinese Communist Party came into power, an early higher education system was built based on Soviet administration experience. As mentioned by Mok (2001), all universities were managed by national ministries and the central government set a series of unified regulations about financial plans, personnel administration, and even curriculum contents. Moreover, the cost of tuition and accommodation was paid by the central government (Howell 2004). Since the reform and opening-up policy in 1980s, the management system for higher education had changed. The past reform focused on university merging, expanding student enrolment and constructing world class universities (MOE 1985). After this reform, the number of student enrolment increased nearly 30 percent and 597 higher education institutions merged into 267(Li & Yang 2014). Kang (2004) also states that the central government just directly took charge of around 100 universities and local governments would run the other universities.
Nevertheless, China’s higher education governance remains bureaucratization until the current reform in 21st century. There is evidence to show that the authority strengthened its control over universities with the reform from 1980s. Wang (2001) points out that many university presidents are supervised by the Party and central government, as well as they are evaluated and…

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