Importance Of The Five-Factor Model Of Personality

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Personality is a foundational structure in our lives, it’s included in how employers search for candidates for jobs, how we choose our career paths, how we make friends, how we meet new people, and how we present ourselves. That’s why personality is important to study. In Social Psychology there are many different means of measuring/defining personality. One of the more popular ones is the Five-Factor Model of personality or the Big Five personality scale. It has various names that it can be referred to. The five-factor model has (as it says in the name) five different components that make up or define personality. These traits as defined by Robert R. McCrae and Oliver P. John (1992) are openness (adjectives could be curious, insightful, wide …show more content…
Tong (2010) explained the reactivity and the resistance perspectives in regards to Neuroticism. He said that based on his background research for the resistance perspective, people with high Neuroticism are less affected by the events and experiences that they get from those events than people with low Neuroticism (Tong, 2010). In other words, where the person is placed on the neuroticism scale in the five-factor model influences how they perceive their experiences and world such as people with high neuroticism not relying on their experiences for their emotions. Tong (2010) described the reactivity perspective as people with high Neuroticism experience greater change in negative emotions based on their experiences during certain events. This is the opposite of the resistance perspective in regards to how people with certain levels of neuroticism are affected by what they experience. These perspectives/theories provide backing for the theory where Neuroticism is closely related to negative emotions. Trinka, Balcar, Kuška, and Hnilica (2012) found that people with high Neuroticism were more likely to view emotions as negative whereas people with low Neuroticism scored emotions as more positive. Trinka et al. (2012) also found that disappointment, guilt, disgust, jealousy, and envy were associated with Neuroticism. An …show more content…
There are different types of humor as Mendiburo-Seguel et al., in their meta-analysis, referenced Martin and The Psychology of Humor: An Integrative Approach where they detailed the different types of humor and relationships. First there is aggressive humor which includes sarcasm and ridicule and “using humor as a form of manipulation” which is related to neuroticism (Martin et al as cited by Mendiburo-Seguel et al., 2015). The meta-analysis also discussed affiliative humor which is telling jokes and the intention to interact with others while having fun. This type of humor is more associated with extraversion. Self-defeating humor is described as when one uses humor at the expense of themselves to get attention from others. Lastly, self-enhancing humor is when a person looks at the world from a humorous perspective and may use humor as a form of coping (Mendiburo-Seguel et al., 2015). Self-enhancing humor, as described by Mendiburo et al. (2015), “enables us to reduce negative emotions and maintain a positive and realistic view in adverse situations.” Extraversion is correlated to the positive styles of humor (so not aggressive and self-defeating humor which could be associated with neuroticism) (Mendiburo-Seguel et al., 2015). Mendiburo et al. (2015) cited Martin et al. (2003) where they found that neither

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