Sacred Space

733 Words 3 Pages
The sacred space I chose is the Fatih Mosque, it also famous as Conqueror’s Mosque. It is one of the world most important and creative monuments of architectural history in Istanbul, where the East meets the West. Fatih Mosque was constructed between 1463 and 1470 A.D by Sultan Muhammad Al Fatih, who conquered Constantinople in 145. It built on the site of the Church of Holy Apostles.
When Sultan Muhammad conquered Constantinople, he ordered his armies to apply the orders of Islam and not to hurt any man, woman or child, and not to destroy or hurt any religious building. So, the Patriarch of the Greek Orthodox Church chose the Church of Holy Apostles a place for their prayers. However, after three years, the Patriarch abandoned the Church since
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Also, it includes Hammam (Bath), hospital and market. Unfortunately, the Hammam, the hospital, and the market were destroyed due to fire and earthquakes. So, it is clear that the large size was used in a wise way. Every space is occupied for either religious or social uses.
Al faith mosque was built on nearly square area by 325 meters each side. It has two minarets from white marble. The minarets are the long towers, where Muslim announce the start of the prayer time. So, since the mosque has two minarets, it means that Mohammed II, Al-Fatih, wanted for as many as people to hear the Azan, prayer call. Also, the white color is to ensure the purity and calm of the place, and the marble is to express the firm establishment of the prayers.
Furthermore, it has a large entry hall covered by a tall dome supported by a dome over the Mihrab and three arches on the other sides. The dome is to give the feeling of the divine, and safety as it protects the people below it. The niche, Mihrab in Arabic, tells the people where Mecca, the birthplace of Islam is. That is because Mihrab is always oriented to the direction of Ka’ba whatever your place
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Their glass is colored with blue and golden to remind the visitor of the skies and paradise, and to give them an impressing feeling of relaxation. Also, windows are adorned with Quranic inscriptions in green and white marble on the precinct side. The columns in the gallery were carved of granite, greenstone, and white marble, as well. Also, on the corners of the domes, one can see the names of the Prophet Mohammed PBUH, four Caliphs and the apostles to remind the people of their good deeds and to encourage them to do their best to be in the paradise with those men. Underneath those domes, the floor is covered with red carpets with organic shapes to emphasis the warmth, while there is some green here and there on the walls to imagine yourself free in nature or in the

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