Importance Of Sociological Theory

2725 Words 11 Pages
Cassy Kelly
Sociological Theory

Various sociological theories have gone on to shape and mold our society into what is today. Sociology became a science of society in the 18th century. However, it wasn 't until the 19th century that it became systemized. Sociology can be defined as the study of social problems. Studying the development, structure, and functioning of a society is greatly beneficial to those living there. Despite the fact that various sociological theories have been of great importance, there are three theories, in particular, that tremendously impacted the views on modern society. Three sociologists contributed to these theories. Among these sociologists include Karl Marx, Max Weber, and Emile Durkheim. These
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However, their views were a bit different. In fact, he spent his career arguing against the ghost of Marx. Weber was received recognition for his book, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. The book was composed of essays that may be viewed as one of his critiques of Marx 's theories. Marx believed origins of capitalism dealt with materialist origins, whereas Weber thought capitalism was brought to life by both material and ideal factors. The Protestant Work Ethic sets out to prove that modern capitalism was fostered by a religious movement. In contrast to Weber, Marx believed that optimistic outcomes could surface after social transitions took place. Marx thought that a communist revolution could bring about equality and some type of utopian society. While Marx called for a revolution, Weber believed in objectivity. Weber did not have as much faith in such transitions. He was seen as pessimistic and rejected views of progress. Where Marx saw alienation, Weber viewed social order as an iron cage. This was a cage in which people are trapped. Bureaucracy takes us into alienation. Both were in agreement that we are strangulated by the oppression of bureaucracy. Marx and Weber also looked at human decision-making. As we saw with Marx, our society and economy are controlled by the few. The few that are in control are considered elite and are not looking out for the masses. Instead, they exploit and alienate. Weber …show more content…
He came from a strong protestant family and was a bright individual. Weber attended Heidelberg University where he studied law, history, and philosophy, and economics for three semesters. He went on to study at the University of Berlin and Gottingen. Weber passed the bar exam in 1886 and had his Ph.D. by 1889. Weber is widely known for essays in The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. He published these essays in 1904 and 1905. His work expressed the idea that capitalism can be attributed to Protestantism. Weber believed that the processes of social change could be explained through religion. His writings counter historical materialism, an idea that Marx held. Not only is capitalism attribute to Protestantism, but Calvinism in particular. Calvinism is seen as a reflection of economic conditions. Weber views Protestant ethic as a mix between dedication to disciplined work and acquisition and a life of denial of pleasure and spontaneity. He took a particular interest in the origin of the spirit of capitalism. He argued that it would take more than changes in economic and social structures to bring about this

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