Sharia In Islam

999 Words 4 Pages
Sharia is the law of Islam and it is Islam’s legal system which is derived from both the Holy Quran which is the Islam’s central text, the Sunnah (the practice and teachings of the prophet Muhammad) and also from the fatwas which are the rulings of the Islamic scholars. Sharia is an Arabic word which means: “The clear, well-trodden path to water.” Sharia law acts as a code for living that all Muslims should adhere to, including prayers, fasting and donation to poor. It aims to help Muslims understand how they should lead every aspect of their lives according to God’s wishes.
As a legal system, sharia law is exceptionally broad. While other legal codes regulate public behaviors, sharia law regulates public behavior, private behavior, private
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Hadd offences include theft, which can be punishable by amputating the offender’s hand; it is mentioned in the Holy Quran: “As to the thief, male or female, cut off his or her hands: a punishment by way of example, from Allah, for their crime: and Allah is exalted in power.” Adultery which can carry the penalty of death by stoning. The offenses incurring hudud punishments are zina (unlawful sexual intercourse), unfounded accusations of zina, drinking alcohol, highway robbery, and some forms of theft. Hudud punishments range from public lashing to publicly stoning to death, amputation of hands and crucifixion. Hudud crimes cannot be pardoned by the victim or by the state, and the punishments must be carried out in …show more content…
Sudan and Mauritania apply the code predominantly or entirely while it applies in some parts of Indonesia. Saudi Arabia is an exceptional case in the legal history of the Muslim world. It has always continued to use sharia in different areas of law, and it never codified its laws. The judges in Saudi Arabia follow traditional sharia rules for dealing with crimes, and they often impose harsh punishments that inspire international protests. However, these punishments are not necessarily prescribed by sharia. Judges in Saudi Arabia follow the classical principle which says that hudud punishments should be avoided if at all possible, and the punishments which they apply are usually tazir punishments which are left to their own choice. Saudi Arabia is often criticized for its public executions, and their frequency has increased in recent decades. Executions became more frequent because the government and courts decided to crack down on the violent crime which became more frequent during the 1970s, as also happened in the U.S and

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