Importance Of Police Essay

866 Words 4 Pages
The police play a very crucial role in the maintenance of peace and enforcement of law and order in the society. The fundamental duty of the police is to serve mankind and to safeguard the lives and property. The police has to protect the weak from oppression or intimidation.
The word ‘police’ is derived from the Greek word politeia or its latin equivalent politia. The term politeia stands for the ‘state’ or ‘administration’. In present context the term ‘police’ connotes a body of civil servants whose primary duties are to preserve law and order, to prevent and detect crimes and enforce law
Police force has always been an indispensible appendage of the state organization in almost all the civil societies of the world. Of late the duties of
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The post of daroga was created in every district. John beames said ‘‘daroga rules their territories like little kings. Their misdeeds were legion and always went unpunished, for who would have the temerity to report him to the collector. The daroga’s power of harassment was enormous. ’’
The daroga system failed and was abolished. Then after the conquest of Sind by Sir Charles Naiper, he created a separate police organization directed by its own officers. The police force was now in the hands of inspector general of police. The government assumed the responsibility for maintenance of law and order. The mechanics of police administration was entrusted to a new, functionally specifies department, which even today, is the basic structure of the police in the country.
In the year 1860, the government appointed a Police Commission, whose recommendations provided as the basis for the Police Act passed in 1861. Police Organization even today rests largely on the policy laid down in the act of 1861.Lord Curzon appointed a new Police Commission in 1902 but it did not make any substantial
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Police and public order are included in the state list. Under Constitution the residuary powers of the centre includes the power to control Central Bureau of Investigation, Central Reserve Police Force and the police forces of centrally administered territories. The Constitution of India indicates that if the Centre so desires it can intervene in the law and order problems of states in certain situations. The executive power of the states is subordinate to that of the Union as given under Article 256 and 257. The Parliament can transfer any subject to concurrent list from the state list in the national

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