Importance Of Phonemic Awareness

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Q .What is phonemic awareness? Explain the different assessment tools ?
A. Phonemic awareness is the only aspect of reading that is essential for children to develop before they can begin learning to read. Based in oral language, Phonemic awareness serves as not only the foundation for reading but also the strongest indicator of a child’s potential for learning to read. Phonemic awareness is the understanding that words are made up of phonemes(or) individual units of sound that influence the meaning of the word.
Ex: the word ‘drum’ is made up of four individual phonemes /d//r//u//m/. If we change one of these we notice how the meaning has changed. When /d/ is replaced by /st/ then “strum”, a verb meaning
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So we must be taught to transfer our knowledge of phonemes used in oral language to written language.
Phonemic awareness allows young readers to build another young readers to build another important element of reading. Phonics
It improves student’s word reading and comprehension, it helps students learn to spell. It can be developed through activities like identify and categorize sounds, blend sounds to form words etc
Phonemic awareness is not phonics, Phonemic awareness is ability to hear identify and manipulate individual sound. Phonemic in spoken words. Before children learn to read print, they need to become more aware of how the sounds in words work. They must understand that words are made up of speech sounds (or) phonemes (the smallest port of sound in spoken word that make a difference in a word’s meaning). Phonemic awareness is auditory and does not involve words in print.
Here are some assessment tools
1) Beginning sounds
a. Phoneme
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Listen bun, bat and kite. Here I hear /b/ as beginning sound of two words. Then will assess them by asking group of words having two words with same starting sound. exL gum, gun, fan; goat goal, hen, pipe, pine, run etc. mat, rat, man etc
Similarly for final sounds of words also, Phonemic awareness tools are two types,
1) Phenome isolating : Now this aspect gives the final sounds of a word when we hear it. The end of sound of word has to be known here
For example ‘fat’ in this word what we hear the end of it is /f/ then I can share other word like ‘pig’ with children then they will listen & say with me, here the last sound of word is /g/ then I will assess them by asking the other word ‘fan’ here what is the lsat sound of word then they can say /n/.

2) Phoneme matching : here is the aspect, we have to know the end sound of word but with a group of words. We should tell them which two words end with same sound.
For example : first we will see these words; run, king, fan. Before the two words end with same sound are ‘run’, ‘fan’ as /n/ then I will share them I will ask them by giving more words ex: Pat, Cake, Cat here /t/ same in ‘Pat’,

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