Importance Of Orangutans
Orangutans, who are closest to our specie of homo sapiens¸ alongside the chimpanzees, gorillas and the other great apes – are primarily and wildly native to the forests and islands of Indonesia and Malaysia. Their chances of survival in modern day is critically endangered by both human causes (primarily) and natural causes (most of which chiefly arises out of human causes as well). The former includes aspects like deforestation, palm oil plantation and illegal logging; whereas the latter includes aspects like forest fires, which is primarily associated with the rapid spread of oil palm plantations, illegal hunting and trade. Over the last several years, timber companies, having business interests in furniture, paper wood, pulp, …show more content…
Orangutans play a crucial role in the forests they inhabit: their diet of fruit and their mobility means that they are excellent seed dispersers. Orangutans are thus responsible in part for maintaining forested ecosystems that provide important environmental services to humanity, from water resources to climate regulation.
Illegal logging includes “all forestry practices or activities connected with wood harvesting, processing and trade that do not conform to Indonesian law” . Illegal timber is approximately 80% of the total volume logged in 2003, which is comfortably the largest share of all logging in Indonesia. Legal timber concessions can also be detrimental when granted in priority areas for biodiversity conservation, but illegal logging currently has far greater impacts.
Whilst the forestry sector is very important to the Indonesian economy, illegal logging is costing Indonesia at least $3b a year in lost revenues alone . Officially exported wood products accounted for $6.6b in 2003, and unreported exports at least an additional $2.4b, suggesting that direct illegal export is at least 30% of the total export. A considerable share of this passes through Malaysia, whose mill capacity far exceeds …show more content…
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