John Dewey's Model Of Reflection

It is important to find out how reflection is carried out as this is an essential constituent in human learning and development. Reflection is a complex cognitive activity where evidence is generated from own practice, which can then be applied into practice. To discuss, what kind of new learning is possible from reflection, literature related three models of reflections is reviewed. John Dewey (Dewey, 1933, as cited in Rolfe, 2011, p.34), an eminent educationalist and philosopher claimed that knowledge can be built through reflecting upon past and previous experiences. On the other hand, Habermas (Habermas, 1974, as cited in Rolfe, 2011, p.37) argued that knowledge can be constructed through the association of three domains while Kolb’s work (Kolb, …show more content…
Let’s examine each approach in detail.
Dewey (1933) stated that knowledge results from an individual’s personal engagement with society. Individual can acquire knowledge though his questioning ability. The basic assumption that Dewey advocates is that assembling of knowledge is possible through active reflection on experiences. What I can make sense out of this theory is that reflection leads an experience into deeper understating. Dewey emphasizes that reflection “gives an individual an increased power of control and stimulates inquiry. (Dewey, 1933 as cites in Laura, 2009, p.2) Various attempts have been made to formulate reflective frameworks based on Dewey’s model. One of the frameworks of reflection based on Dewey’s model, widely used in

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