Mental Impairment In Criminal Justice

Good Essays
Mental impairment is one of the many factors that the federal court takes into consideration in sentencing and is not recognized as much as it should be. There are many mental illnesses such as anxiety, depression, dementia, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder that can cause a person to act out and potentially become a criminal. Although the court system knows of the defendants records, and of the verifiable reasons to why they committed the crime that does not mean that the defendant 's state of mind during their crime was stable. For example, “most individuals with severe mental illness are not violent — they are more likely to become crime victims than perpetrators — a lack of access to treatment can lead to delusions, disassociation and …show more content…
reasons such as lack of education, money and many more prevailing reasons. However, the crime that happens with poverty-stricken people results in the consideration of their economical state during criminal sentencing. For example, when going up against the jury as a poverty-stricken elder it may be hard to prove innocent when the elder does not have enough money to be represented by a good lawyer. During criminal trials, the factor of being poor does play a role in the decision of someone being innocent or not. Criminal trials are very expensive and who ultimately pays for it? The poor. As a result, who gets sentenced to the death penalty? The poor. This is because poor people do not have the money to help support themselves with a representative and so without good representation there is a greater chance that they will be convicted guilty. From all the talk within legislative assemblies, the majority of people who are selected to die are the poor. It is said that “ the poor are far more likely to receive the death sentence than are wealthy people accused of similar crimes. The problem, therefore, is dual-faceted in that poverty can lead to capital crime, and it makes capital punishment more likely”(Todd 1). Fundamentally the issue of the death penalty is not based on the ideals of someone being poor but rather the application of the death penalty. Poor people are constantly discriminated in the federal courts system as well as being a factor that many federal judges use to convict the defendants as being

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    “Poverty may have direct effects on crime if the inability to secure steady or sufficient financial resources leads individuals to turn to illicit activity to generate income or if relative poverty in the midst of a wealthy society generates psychological strain” (Sharkey P., Besbris M., and Firedson M., 2016). People who live in poverty are at a strong disadvantage than those who are well off. Sometimes when people cannot afford to have much it drives them to do what they must just to get it.…

    • 1310 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Wortopolis Case Study

    • 1050 Words
    • 4 Pages

    The four categories of attachment, commitment, involvement, and belief are often held internally and can only be measured when it has an impact on society through crime. It also faces a limitation when it comes to establishing why loitering rates went up. The social bond theory also cannot explain why people loitered more after the recession ended. The social bond theory and relative deprivation theory can explain the high crime, and the increasing drug trafficking, and prostitution in Wortropolis. The social inequality has led to the lack of belief in the city’s ability to help the people who are not financially stable.…

    • 1050 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    These cases show that confessions are not always prompted by internal knowledge or actual guilt, but are sometimes motivated by external influences. If they argue the money = innocence standpoint, use “bad lawyering” instead. The resources of the justice system are often stacked against poor defendants. Matters only become worse when a person is represented by an ineffective, incompetent or overburdened defense lawyer. The failure of overworked lawyers to investigate, call witnesses or prepare for trial has led to the conviction of innocent people.…

    • 471 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Believe it or not, “per person, the death penalty is probably one of the most expensive state programs, and it produces no measurable gain in public safety. While states were spending millions of dollars on a single capital case, the average police budget had to be cut by 7 percent this year” ( qtd. in Jost 980). The United States is having economic problems at the moment, and would it not be smarter to save that amount of money? So much money is spent on these cases in the name of justice, even though they would get punishment enough by being imprisoned for life.…

    • 1982 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Many of the convicts incarcerated were poor and underprivileged Americans. Prisons contained more poverty-stricken individuals because they did not have enough money to pay for a lawyer or bail. Since the poor could not help themselves financially when it came to conviction, the prison system considered them guilty of any charge that was placed against them. Wealthy people were less likely to be incarcerated because they had the finances to pay for bail and a lawyer. Also, having a sufficient amount of money represented intelligence and power.…

    • 286 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The death penalty is largely ineffective because it puts minorities at a disadvantage, fails to deter crime, and is expensive. The minorities are at a major disadvantage when it comes to the death penalty since they are more likely to be executed than whites. Mark Costanzo,…

    • 1133 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Prisons are having problems within due to the sudden large population with inmates. It is expensive to be “tough on crime” and is unfair. Also having these policies in place has not stopped enough crimes for it to make sense. Conservative government claiming to get “tough on crime” is not as effective as it is deemed to be, if anything, it’s just another tactic to get more…

    • 718 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The process of a death penalty guilty criminal is much more complex compared to other criminal cases that do not involve the death penalty and that is why it cost so much just to investigate and do trials. Compared to life in prison, the death penalty is not worth it because the cost of it is way too high just to execute someone when there are better ways to punish the capital criminal. Therefore, putting someone in prison not only cost a lot less compared to the death penalty, there are better ways to punish the guilty after they committed such…

    • 1412 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The death penalty is unjust because it is a horrendous thing to do to a human, it is more expensive then imprisoning them and it does not always bring satisfaction or relief to family members of the victim. The death penalty can be administered in many different ways. The most common way is through lethal…

    • 1454 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    On top of that, it costs more for Capital Punishment then it does for life in prison. It is a long complex process that takes a very long time and a lot of money. This is to reduce the chance of an innocent man or women being convicted, but this doesn’t eliminate that possibility 100%. A numerous amount of people could question and say the opposite and think life in prison is cheaper, but if you add up all the trials going into it, the Death Penalty is far more expensive and more of a hassle. Sometimes there are cases where the Death Penalty could be up to 3 million more than a non death penalty case.…

    • 1559 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays

Related Topics