Importance Of Language And The Brain

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LANGUAGE AND THE BRAIN

Introduction The brain is the most complex and important part of a human. It is a big hidden world. Thank to this vital organ, we can make sense of whole world. However, only a few information about the brain is known even though there are so many researches. When the brain is examined, it can be said that it has several parts which work for particular purposes. One of these purposes is about language. So, the brain is a topic of Linguistics because of its relationship with the language. Neurolinguistics is the study of how language occurs in the brain. In other words, it is the study of the relationship between language and the brain.

What is there in the Human Brain? The brain is a vital organ for people to understand
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It is composed of two hemispheres. They manage input from the sensory systems which make connections between various stimuli such as associating what we see with what we hear. In other words, it provides comprehension. When people learn, the structure of nerve cells in the neocortex are changed. The structure of the neocortex is very complicated.
The neocortex is composed of two cerebral hemispheres. The brain coordinates information between the two hemispheres. Corpus callosum is the bridge between these two hemispheres. Transering information between these hemispheres is provided with corpus callosum.
The hemispheres are symmetric. However, they have different functions. The left hemisphere is for language, and mathematical thinking skills while the right hemisphere is for recognizing faces, the music, and spatial orientation. That two hemispheres of the brain have different functions is called as lateralization. Lateralization begins in the early
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He discovered that those patients generally had damage in Wernicke’s area in the brain. The speech of these patients is generally not meaningful. So, destruction of Wernicke’s area leads to failure to comprehend spoken language. For example, Kinsbourne and Warrington (1963) described a patient with Wernicke’s aphasia. E.F. (the patient) was asked how he was. He responded: “Gossiping O.K. and lords and cricket and England and Scotland battles. I do not know. Hypertension and two won cricket, bowling, and catch, poor old things, cancellations maybe gossiping, cancellations, arm and argument, finishing bowling.” When this example is considered, it can be seen that Wernicke’s area deals with

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