Importance Of Freedom Of Expression And Speech

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The significance of the freedom of expression and speech has been recognized by political thinkers already in the 19th century. One of the most prominent supporters of free speech is John Stuart Mill. In his famous work “On Liberty”, the freedom of expression is presented as a key element of both truth prosperity and individual, as well as social, progress . Nowadays, the freedom of expression is one of the fundamental human rights recognized by many legal documents and conventions throughout the whole planet . In the European context, the freedom of expression is protected by article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR). Whistle-blowing is one of the important manifestations of this human right. It occurs when a person exposes …show more content…
Predominantly, the importance of whistle-blowing is well established in the cases of corruption disclosure. So the member states of the United Nations (UN) are expected to incorporate into their legal systems protective measures for individuals who report, on reasonable grounds, any facts concerning offences established by the Convention. UN Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Opinion and Expression has recognized numerous times that whistle blowing is an important aspect of the right to freedom of expression . Similarly, International Labor Organization specifies in the article 5 of the Termination of Employment Convention 1982 that participation in the proceeding against an employer involving alleged violations of law are not valid reasons for dismissal or termination of contract. Especially well-established legal framework of whistle-blowing protection in the employment can be found in the United States. There, the Whistleblower Protection Act of 1989 and The Whistleblower Protection Enhancement Act of 2012 protects individuals who work for the government and report misconduct of the employer if they possess reasonable evidences of a violation of law, gross mismanagement, gross waste of funds and

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