Ethical Principles

2539 Words 10 Pages
Ethical principles in research underscore the requirements that ought to be fulfilled in the course of conducting research (Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy, National Academy of, 2009, p. 12). Most of these principles revolve around the element of integrity, trust, validity, reliability, and welfare. Therefore, the underlying processes of research ought to ensure that ethical frameworks are developed to guarantee the total adherence of established standards. Under normal circumstances, research processes include numerous stages and procedures that follow each other. In reviewing the way ethical principles are assured in research, it is necessary to explain how this will be made possible at each stage. For
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10). It has in addition posed several troubling moral questions (Baqgini & Fosl, 2007, p. 12). Public concentration was attracted to these issues by reported exploitations of human subjects in experiments, particularly during the Second World War. The scientific endeavor is built on an underpinning of trust (Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy, National Academy of, 2009, p. 12). Society believes that scientific research outcomes are a truthful and accurate manifestation of a researcher’s work (Sales & Folkman, 2000, p. 43). Researchers in the same way trust that their associates have gathered data cautiously, have used suitable analytic and arithmetical techniques, have stated their results precisely, and have respected the effort of other researchers. When this confidence is lost and the professional standards are dishonored, researchers are personally insulted and feel that the foundation of their career has been undermined (American Psychological Association, 2010, p. 10). This would affect the relationship between society and science. American Psychological Association also offers a general idea of the professional standards of science. In addition, explanations of why devotion to those standards is necessary for sustained scientific progress have been given (Wager & Williams, 2011, p. …show more content…
The process of research usually adheres to established ethical standards. The standards are generated in consideration of the principle of ethics. It is quite important to understand the different ethical principles because they stipulate the best way to conduct reliable research (Paul & Elder, 2006, p. 43). Ethical principles also play the role of guaranteeing the better treatment of the subject in research. Most importantly, ethics guarantee the human dignity of subjects by ensuring that participating in research does not compromise human self-worthiness. The five ethical principles of research include mitigation of the risk of harm, obtaining informed consent, protecting secrecy and discretion, avoiding misleading activities, and providing withdrawal rights.
Minimizing the risk of harm involves the establishment of mechanisms to ensure that in case of a tragedy, damage is controlled. This protects human subjects from injury and fatality by creating prior arrangements for their safety. Certain types research involves dangerous processes or appliances that could lead to incidences that could threaten the safety of participants. This principle protects the human subjects from potential harm by ensuring that adequate plans are put in place to assure safety (Baqgini & Fosl, 2007, p.

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