The world can be characterized as developed and developing countries. Regardless of which end of the spectrum a nation stands, both extremes have caused environmental stress in the world. Therefore, it is important to understand the differences, and issues between the developed and developing nations, to effectively understand the dynamics.
Environmental constraints in developing countries are characterized by population growth pressures, inefficient technologies, weak governance, poor health sector, low per capita income and poverty. Therefore, the emphasis for developing countries is on the need for progress, the desire for social and economic growth. Therefore, …show more content…
This rapid boost to consumption and production has put strong pressure on the environment through over-exploitation and depletion of resources, the accumulation of CO2 and greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, pollution and the destruction of ecosystems. This over-exploitation of resources can force human societies to compromise their ability to meet the essential needs of their people in the future. Hence, environmental protection and economic development should move forward in …show more content…
Likewise, environmental problems originate from social factors. For example, population growth involves excessive use of natural resources to meet basic needs such as housing, sanitation, sanitation, drinking water, education, food and 'electricity.
Therefore, environmental protection and economic development should proceed in tandem.
HOW ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT COULD PROCEED IN TANDEM:
However, for every problem there is a solution. The Development which works in tandem with the environment is what we call sustainable development. The most notable step towards sustainable development is the publication of an international report entitled "Our Common Future" by the World Environment Commission (WCED) in 1987. This is commonly called the "Brundtland Report". The report defined sustainable development as “Development that meets the needs of the present, without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs”. This concept therefore, takes into consideration the right to development and the protection of the environment. Sustainable Development therefore aims to meet present needs and address short-term issues with the overall goal of long-term