Dualisation in Brussels:
-“For cities there are no standard solutions. Urban policy is always a matter of hard choises, and in cities that were chosen on a democratic way, it is the politics that makes that choises.“ (Barber 1984; Hajer 2009)
- Brussels suffer from a ‚schizophrene’* disorder because Brussels is both the national and the European capital. The city holds more than 173.540 inhabitants on a surface of 32,61km2. Brussels has therefore 5321,68 inhabitants per square kilometer. With its 163 nationalities we can speak of a multicultural city, but is it in reality like this? The city trembles under the weight of globalisation and …show more content…
Brussels loses a big amount of capital because of a weak tax bases. Though it has a strong and productive economy it remains poor! The unemployment rate is about 20,7% in general and 30% for youngsters under 25 years old. One fourth of the population lives under the poverty rate. Still with its 700 thousand labour places there is no shortage of jobs. The problem is that 47% of the labour places are occupied by service sectors. 350.000 people commute every day from their region to Brussels and back but they don’t carry taxes off! The institutional framework of Brussels in relation with Flanders and Wallonia is a struggle. It is also the only place, where two regions have parallel jurisdiction. (Brussels instituut voor Statistiek en Analyse …show more content…
A whole discour on the health sector inspired an entire generation of urban planners. People like Ebenezer Howard, Patrick Geddes, Frederick Olmsted wer among them. A new vision appears when there was a connection between nature and the city. The garden city model was a complete new society on a local scale with an intensive participate of the inhabitants in the local administration and the local cultural life. In reality, only a few of these garden cities were ever made. More likely the model was created as a garden neighborhood at the edge of an exciting city and therefore not a complete self sufficient model in the countryside. (Harm Jan Korthas Altes, 2004)
We find them mostly in the area’s of Watermaal-Bosvoorde, Sint-Pieters-Woluwe, Sint-Agatha Berchem, Molenbeek, Anderlecht en Ukkel. They form the interbellum garden towns. The problem here was that designers thought that a harmonious world was possible, what in reality was often different. Poor people were often discriminated.The concept was the foundation of suburbia, anti-urbanism and modernism.
“The history of the health movement of the 19th century illustrates the role of a larger social-political debate about the social issues at that time. The health care was by many seen as an important point of view. The successful strategies that were chosen, showed their effectiveness towards this large social platform.” (Dassen,