Importance Of Cultural Competence In Counseling
It was designed to move counselor education programs into the future to meet the demands of an ever-changing society. The model aspires to "clarify the philosophical position, design and implement effective teaching strategies that reflect ethnic diversity and prepare sound guidelines for multiethnic programs and practices" (Banks 1994, p.xix). His model includes a four approach model that includes the following: contributions, ethnic additive, transformation, and social action. The contribution approach consisted on focusing on heroes, holidays, native dances in American versions of ethnic cuisine. This introductory step allowed avoidance of crucial issues such as victimization, oppression, and racism. The ethnic additive approach involves the addition of multicultural concepts, themes and perspectives to the curriculum. The third approach is transformation. Educators move into integrating actual change in the goals, structure, and perspectives. Emphasis is on commonalities into the development of each culture. Discussion on how much the dominant culture borrowed from other groups, including meanings of words and customs. The final approach is social action or advocating for social justice. This level includes all of the elements of the transformation approach, with an addition of components that lead students to make decisions and to take actions the related to the concept, issue, or problem discussed. More …show more content…
Such a paradox creates a significant ethical dilemma for counselors.
Counselors and future counselors face a variety of challenges as society becomes more diverse and laden with differing value systems..
A code of Ethics for most professional organizations or associations is designed to articulate the standards of practice for a group of people. It is a way to express the collective values of a profession. The code of ethics "is a live document that can assist individuals in ethical quandaries. It must be broad enough to encompass many divergent ethical situations" (Kocet, 2006, p.7). There are two central components of a code of ethics for counselors: first, a code outlines the prescribed or mandatory professional behaviors by which counselors are expected to govern their conduct, and second, a code contains aspiration components, which encourage active ethical reflection that