Critical Pedagogy Paradigm

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3.4 Critical pedagogy as an education paradigm
Based on my observations, the critical pedagogy paradigm was not present. This is because critical pedagogy firstly requires change of attitude from the traditional classroom whereby the teacher feeds the knowledge to the learners and they absorb the information. Teachers have this perception that using traditional methods of lecturing, asserting authority, transferring skills and knowledge to the learners is the correct approach to do the work. However, it is the wrong approach to apply as it is the role of the teacher to encourage challenging problems within education that will lead learners to question problematic issues in their lives, which will stimulate them to think critically. Secondly,
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What kind of citizen are we producing if we do not create learners who will bring transformation within their lives and society? Critical pedagogy is a process that allows learners to acquire critical awareness. It aims to encourage learners to question what occurs in reality and society; be active rather passive participants and be motivated to work towards social transformation. It provides learners with crucial skills to develop understanding about where power lies and how it functions. It also questions about what kind of citizen is being created within society. It emphasises on self-reflection; this means that we have to be aware of how we perceive ourselves in relation to the world around us (Malott & Porfilio, 2011).
3.4.1 Personal views about critical pedagogy

Critical pedagogy can play a significant role in the classroom as it offers learners to experience education as something they are involved in rather than something done to them. It can create the pleasure during the lesson as it deals with aspects that learners really
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They do not challenge and question what is happening within the society. They are accustomed and accept whatever occurs within society, as they do not view themselves as people who can change knowledge and society after a long period of being in a passive classroom. Application of these paradigms in the classroom can help us teachers to make learning meaningful and see how it can help us in reality. When referring back to the paradigms they have a similar aim, which are looking to create learners who are critical thinkers, problem solvers and bringing change within their lives and society. Not every method or theory will work for the learners, classroom or seem applicable to the teacher. However, by combing these paradigms and exploring them within our classroom context we can gain valuable discoveries to construct methods that will benefit both teachers and learners. Therefore, paradigms are vital and play a significant role in improving

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