Importance Of Cleaning, Decontamination And Waste Management

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Register to read the introduction… Not only does it provide higher standards of cleanliness, it reduces the risk of infection for staff involved. Effective cleaning is vital to the overall efficiency of the disinfection and sterilization stages of the decontamination process. If an item is not clean it cannot achieve sterility when autoclaved. Cleaning is a process which physically removes contamination but does not necessarily destroy microorganisms’. Cleaning is the first step in the decontamination process. It must be carried out before disinfection and sterilisation to make these processes effective. Thorough cleaning is extremely important in reducing the possible transmission of all microorganisms. Thorough cleaning with detergent and warm water and clean non-shedding cloths, followed by rinsing and thorough …show more content…
* human hygiene waste, incontinence products, sanitary waste, nappies, plaster casts non-infectious wound dressings

Proper segregation of different types of clinical waste is critical to the safe disposal. Waste bags should not be overfilled.
Yellow bags and containers are used when waste is not suitable for alternative treatment and must go for incineration. Anatomical and surgical waste should always be placed in yellow rigid containers. A yellow sharps bin with a yellow lid should be used when the syringe contains residual pharmaceuticals such as anaesthetics or pain medication.
Tissue samples, blood bags, surgical waste.

The yellow bags with a black stripe, commonly known as ‘tiger bags’ are normally associated with nappy waste. In fact, these bags can be used for any form of “offensive” waste.
Incontinence waste, catheter bags and empty urine bottles Black
Black bags are to be used for all general and trade
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Below is a list of relevant legislations related to the disposal of waste and waste management

Health & Safety at Work etc Act 1974
Control of Pollution Act 1974
Collection and Disposal of Waste Regulations 1988
Control of Pollution (Amendment) Act 1989
Environmental Protection Act 1990
Environmental Protection (Duty of Care) Regulations 1991
Controlled Waste Regulations 1992
The Special Waste Regulations 1996
HTM Environment and Sustainability 07-01 Safe Management of
Healthcare Waste Department of Health

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