Implications Of In Vitro Fertilization

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In vitro fertilization (IVF) has revolutionized the treatment of infertility in women over the last fifty years. This process requires removing eggs from a woman’s body and fertilizing them with sperm outside of the body: in vitro. Babies born from this procedure are commonly referred to as “test tube babies.” The idea of IVF has been around for a very long time, but was not able to be implemented successfully until the discovery of sperm capacitation in the early 1950s. However, even after this discovery, it took another twenty years before scientists learned enough about capacitation and its implications in reproduction to successfully conceive the first “test tube baby” in the 1970s (1). IVF has since allowed thousands of couples that were …show more content…
There is speculation of high chances of antepartum complications, complications associated with having multiples, and post-partum complications for the neonates, all due to IVF treatments. Moreover, there is little known about the long term effects on children born via IVF because most research is limited to less than a year after birth (2). Along with little research on the long-term effects of IVF, there is little known about the differences in complications arising from singleton births and multiples births conceived by IVF. A few research groups have come together to collect and compare what little data there is on the long-term effects of IVF for both mother and child. By examining these works, there is little research to show what complications or effects are direct results of IVF …show more content…
The small amount of data that has been gathered to date shows positive results. There is not currently any conclusive evidence that IVF treatments themselves lead to any specific problems later in life. There seem to be causal correlations to having an increased risk for respiratory problems, increased fat distribution, and increased blood pressure (2). There is a strong concern that respiratory problems and cardiovascular problems could worsen later in life but there is no strong evidence to suggest this yet. In addition, a speculation during the development of IVF was regarding the differences in development between IVF conceived children and spontaneously conceived children. IVF conceived children were believed to be taller than those spontaneously conceived. However, research has shown that there is really no difference at any age between IVF conceived children and spontaneously conceived children until the age of twelve. The differences after puberty have not been studied fully and thus cannot be determined as of now

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