Impact On Slavery

1007 Words 5 Pages
The definition of slavery is a person held in servitude as the chattel of another, or one that is completely passive to a dominating influence. Slavery emphasizes the component of complete ownership and control by the person whom the slave is owned. In this paper the topic is “How slavery impacted the development of the United States between 1787 and 1840” and the lasting impact it has made. Edmund Randolph stated that slaves were “not constituent members of our society (Foner 275).” What this simplifies to is that slaves weren’t considered equal to the lives of the white man. During the time period of 1787 to 1840 there were abolitionists who fought for slave rights and helped slaves enjoy some of the same legal rights as whites. These rights …show more content…
Along with this purchase came the region of New Orleans in this area lived 3,000 slaves and 1,300 free African Americans. Many of the free blacks were children of white military officers and slaves whom had most of the same rights as white citizens. “Slaves in Louisiana, Florida, and Texas enjoyed legal protections. Spain made it easy for slaves to obtain their freedom. Slave women had the right to go to court for protection against cruelty or rape by their owners (Foner 306-7)”. These legal protections and rights did not last long for slaves. The local legislature put in place a slave code that instilled they would never be equal to whites, and limited their access to courts. Though the slaves had little to no rights in the country President Jackson wanted them to fight for it in the War of 1812. He persuaded them to join the fight against the British as the “sons of freedom (Foner 314)”. While fighting in the war “thousands of slaves found freedom by escaping to british forces during the War of 1812 (Foner 314)”. There was a peace treaty in place that required the return of the escaped slaves to their owners; Britain no longer wanted to go along with the treaty and paid millions in compensation while the slaves resided in …show more content…
The West became “the home of regional cultures very much like those the immigrants had left behind (Foner 325)”. Therefore the north was adapting new changes while the south remained a plantation-based society. “Historians estimate one million slaves were shifted from the older slave states to the Deep South between 1800 and 1860 (Foner 327)”. Most of the slaves were a part of the slave trade and some moved with their owners. The cotton gin allowed the separation of the seeds from the cotton to become fairly simple and fast. The demand for cotton increased and new lands opened in the West. The Cotton Gin “revolutionized American Slavery”. The book states that many expected slavery to fade out but because of this Cotton Gin, slavery came back in a more powerful way. Cotton plantations spread to the South and was a significant factor in the reopening of the African slave trade. Before the invention of the Cotton Gin (1793) five million pounds of cotton were produced after the invention it had grown to 170 million pounds (1820). Though the cotton gin caused a rise in the slave trade there were 220,000 free blacks living in the North, though they lived in the “poorest, unhealthiest sections of cities like New York, Philadelphia and Cincinnati (Foner 348)” they were free. They face attacks and destruction of their homes and businesses.

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