Essay on Impact of Trade on Egypt

75608 Words Jul 11th, 2014 303 Pages
FINAL REPORT

Impact of Trade and Economic Policy Reforms on Key Sectors of the Egyptian Economy

PREPARED BY

ATR Project

SUBMITTED TO

USAID/Cairo Ministry of Foreign Trade
SUBMITTED BY

Nathan Associates

UNDER CONTRACT NO.

PCE-I-00-98-00016-00 Task Order 827

2 April 2004

Contents
Executive Summary Egypt’s Economy in Relation to the Global Marketplace Trade Policy and the International Trade Regime Impact of Trade Regime Changes on Subsectors Conclusions Next Steps 1. Introduction 2. Egypt’s Economy and Its Place in the Global Arena Egyptian Economy Today Structure of the Economy Labor force, Employment and Unemployment Macroeconomy and Balance of Payments Trade Patterns Macroeconomic and Trade Policy Reform
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Conclusions and Next Steps Conclusions Next Steps References Appendix A. Subsector Studies A1. Fresh Fruits and Vegetables

31 31 31 33 34 35 36 38 44 45 46 48 51 53 65 65 67 67 68 68 69 70 72 73 74 75 76 77 79 79 81 89 1 1

III

A2. Processed Foods A3. Poultry A4. Cotton A5. Textiles and Garments a. Overview and Global Trends b. Recent Export and Import Trends c. Reduction of Domestic Trade Protection d. Textile and Garment Industries: Strengths and Weaknesses e. Linkage with International Markets f. Conclusions A6. Furniture and Other Wood Products A7. Pharmaceutical Products a. Imports b. Exports A8. Marble and Ceramics a. Marble b. Ceramics A9. Motor Vehicles and Tractors A10. Information technology a. Hardware b. Services c. Software d. Internet Services (Where does this fit into the earlier table?) e. WTO Commitments Appendix B. Egypt’s Trade with the EU, United States, Middle East, and SACU Annex C. Persons and Organizations Contacted

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ILLUSTRATIONS Figures
Figure 2-1. Sector Share in Egypt’s GDP 1980 and 2000 Egyptian Agricultural Production by Commodity 1999–2000 Trade in Goods/GDP, Selected Countries, 2000 Egypt-EU Trade Values, 1992–2002 EU and U.S. Imports of Textiles and Apparel from Egypt, 2002 6 6 10 52 12

IV

Tables

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