Impact Of The Truman Foreign Policy

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'By 1950, the Truman administration had set in place the essential principles that were to govern American foreign policy for the next four decades. ' Discuss.

This essay will deal with U.S President Harry S. Truman, 1945-53. I will be dealing with how Truman changed the foreign policy decision making process and its significance for the preceding four decades. Most importantly the foreign policy which was enacted whilst in his time in office and how it changed U.S. Foreign Policy precedent, leaving a legacy spanning four decades in U.S. Foreign Policy.

Prior to the twentieth century the U.S. had the policy of isolationism, attempts by Woodrow Wilson after the First World War to establish collective security and international relations.
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tasked George F. Kennan to devising a response, known as the long telegram, the result, a ‘counter strategy that would form the basis of American foreign policy for nearly half a century.’ The findings were that the Soviet Union was insecure paired with their communist ideology they would attempt to overthrow capitalism. This alongside the assumptions American policy makers already held in observing the secretive nature of the Soviet Union and there somewhat hostile foreign policy lead to a deepening in distrust. The American policy would have to be one of ‘long term, patient but firm and vigilant …show more content…
It was also the first time America massively intervened in other nation’s civil wars, justified on the basis’ of anti-communism. This set the precedent for the future, Truman transferred the power over foreign policy decisions to the president from the Congress in enacting the Truman doctrine. In addition Americans would intervene in similar wars for the same reasons for the next four decades. Truman cemented these new trends into American foreign policy. The Truman doctrine insight an American crusade against the evil that was communism, everyone to follow Truman decision to stop the spread of communism continued even after he left office. Across the next four generations the cold war continued and the foreign policy goal to stop the spread of communism remained.

The Truman Doctrine lead on to Marshall Aid, the plan also passed through both houses of congress with large majorities ‘in the house by a vote of 329 to 74, in the Senate 69 to 17.’ The Marshall plan lasted from 1948 to 1952. It ensured economic aid to Europe in the attempt to boost their markets and persuade them not to become communist. The Marshall plan worked and boosted the European countries economy who had received it. It had been offered to all European countries including the Soviet Union and

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