Impact Of Thaqif Kamaruszaman Enlightenment And The French Revolution

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Thaqif Kamaruszaman Enlightenment and the French Revolution Marques
The fires of the revolution that swept the nation of France during the 18th century were fueled by Enlightenment ideas brought in by thinkers, coming from the recent Scientific Revolution, to France composed of various backgrounds. From the execution of a monarchy, to the creation of a monumental empire, the French Revolution was ravaged and fought on the ideas of freedom and justice for all. The people of France were playing with something that had never been seen in Europe, and the standard of how far a nation could go with Enlightenment was being set by them. Although the whole ideology of Enlightenment played a major part in establishing the revolution, some may
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Followed through with the establishment of the French West India company to direct the incoming trade between the French Empire and the thirteen colonies, French Haiti presented itself to many opportunists as a converging point of much monetary value. By the mid-eighteenth century, Haiti had become a hotbed in the production of sugar and coffee for the rest of the world. Haiti alone produced “60 percent of the world 's coffee and about 40 percent of the sugar imported by France and Britain”,(Haggerty) With that profit came a cost. At the eve of the French Revolution, nearly “500,000, and perhaps as many as 700,000 (slaves),” were toiling in the Caribbean heat under French colonial rule. In 1791, a liberal movement inspired by Enlightenment ideas sparked a revolution in Haiti. A slave revolution against the French Empire was one of the firsts of its kind during Enlightenment Era. The revolution proved to be successful, for the Haitians gained independence under the leadership of General Toussaint Louverture. But it was a short lived moment. After Napoleon’s rise to prominence in France and his accomplishment in declaring himself the emperor of France, he then sought to gain back the lost land and overturn the abolishment of slavery in the country of Haiti. Only a decade after a so-called liberal revolution, France itself came to become its own enemy by becoming the enemy …show more content…
Examples such as the October March in the early stages of the revolution was a vital part in starting the flames of the revolution upon the nation. However, the values of Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity did not seem relevant to the women of France during and after the revolution. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen that was adopted by the National Assembly in 1789 is supposedly a document that stands against the discriminatory actions from and by the French monarchy and the upper classes that was taking place before the revolution. The Declaration declared that “Men are born and remain free and equal in rights -- All the citizens have a right to decide, either personally or by their representatives,” (Declaration of the Rights of Man 1789) The peculiar factor of this document in regard to the revolution was that it was not being properly pledged upon. Women in post-revolution France were second class citizens with no right to vote. The ‘rights of man’ only applied to ‘some’ citizens of France and not all, as the National Assembly began to take the constitution to their own literal understanding. The ‘human rights’ that the document supported “only applied to free, non-enslaved men.” (Flower 8) This occasion only highlights the bizarre tendency of the French republic to turn their backs on previous installments in their constitution that were deemed unfit. Even Napoleon Bonaparte, the Emperor of

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