Impact Of Public Opinion On International Politics

1636 Words 7 Pages
International History 1914-1991–

Essay:

‘To what extent did public opinion shape international politics in the first half of the twentieth century’?

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Word count: 1,617 words approximately
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In Germany for example there was no Parliament and therefore parliamentary opposition was not possible. In Europe during the Second World War both sides had different successes, Germany, for example, had not one because of the great power of the GESTAPO. On the other hand, France had some success through the famous sabotage, and this made that some news were filtered in by the media in the West. Finally Speier mentioned, ‘the use of weapons of mass destruction in the attainment of victory’. A clear example of this was the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945 that left ‘up to 140,000 reported dead by the end of the year’ an event which did not help to show people the end of the war and to convince the Japanese public that they faced annihilation if they continued the war.

Those events mentioned above were the cause of ‘demoralization […] in the power of public opinion’ just after the First World War. To sum up, at the beginning if the twentieth century public opinion had a role in International Politics but it was just after the demise of the League of Nations, the disillusionment concerning the lofty war aims of the Allies, the rise of Fascism and National Socialism, the absence of inspiring peace aims during the Second World War, etc. that the World lost its confidence on public opinion as a way to change
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Speier, Hans. Historical Development of Public Opinion. American Journal of Sociology. 55, no. 4 (1950), 376-88.

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[ 1 ]. Slavko Splichal, Public Opinion: Developments And Controversies In The Twentieth Century, (Lanham, 1999), 1.
[ 2 ]. Slavko Splichal, Public Opinion: Developments And Controversies In The Twentieth Century, (Lanham, 1999), 1.
[ 3 ]. Slavko Splichal, Public Opinion: Developments And Controversies In The Twentieth Century, (Lanham, 1999), 4.
[ 4 ]. Richard F. Hamilton, Holger H. Herwig, The origins of World War I, (Cambridge, 2003), 1.
[ 5 ]. Hans Speier, Historical Development Of Public Opinion, (Chicago, 1950), 386.
[ 6 ]. Hans Speier, Historical Development Of Public Opinion, (Chicago, 1950), 386.
[ 7 ]. Hans Speier, Historical Development Of Public Opinion, (Chicago, 1950), 386.
[ 8 ]. Mike Sharp, Ian Westwell, John Westwood, History Of World War I, War And Response 1914-1916, (New York, 2002), 65.
[ 9 ]. Hans Speier, Historical Development Of Public Opinion, (Chicago, 1950), 387.
[ 10 ]. Hans Speier, Historical Development Of Public Opinion, (Chicago, 1950), 387.
[ 11 ]. Hans Speier, Historical Development Of Public Opinion, (Chicago, 1950),

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