Emissions have quadrupled since 1960, and the projection is they will triple again by 2050. It's a large emissions source that is essentially unregulated and growing quickly. In the late 1990s, international negotiators considered airline emissions such a hot-button issue that they left aviation out of the 1997 Kyoto Protocol’s targets for reduction of each nation’s greenhouse gases. They gave the job of developing a plan to the United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). ICAO has struggled for years with this task, causing frustration among some national governments and advocates. At one point, the European Union sought to impose its own regulations on aviation emissions but agreed to put those on hold in 2012 under pressure from the airline industry and other nations including the United States. Among the arguments against unilateral E.U. action, country by country regulations won't work in a business that crosses borders millions of times …show more content…
Over 3.1 billion passengers were carried by the world’s airlines in 2013.
2. Worldwide, the amount contributed to the global economy by aviation jobs is roughly three and a half times higher than that contributed by other jobs. Over 58 million people are employed worldwide in aviation and related tourism. Of this, 8.7 million people work directly in the aviation industry.
3. The global aviation industry produces around 2% of all human-induced carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions.
4. Aviation is responsible for 12% of CO2 emissions from all transports sources, compared to 74% from road transport.
5. While air transport carries around 0.5% of the volume of world trade shipments, it is over 35% by value – meaning that goods shipped by air are very high value commodities, often times perishable or time sensitive
6. Jet aircraft in service today are over70% more fuel efficient per seat kilometer than the first jets in the 1960s. Globally, the average occupancy of aircraft is around 80%, greater than other forms of transport.
7. Around 80% of aviation CO2 emissions are emitted from flights of over 1,500 kilometres, for which there is no practical alternative mode of