Impact Of Food Policy In Bangladesh

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FOOD POLICY

Bangladesh is the world 's seventh-most-populous country in the world (Bangladesh Country study guide). The demand for efficient food production, distribution and consumption for this population will be increasing especially for rice as a staple food grain. As food security continues to emerge, the government has put top most priority to the agriculture sector.
The government of Bangladesh designed and approved the National Food Policy (2006) and National Food Policy Plan of Action (2008-2015). These policies led to a package of incentives to keep the farmers in rice production and also to provide the cereals to the consumers at an affordable price. One of the major incentives is to ensure income support to farmers, and thus the
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Therefore, the Government of Bangladesh has formulated a number of policy targeting the threats of food security, including Vision 2021. The negative impacts of climate change hindered crop production to achieve the targets of Vision 2021. In 2009, assigning climate change to topmost concentration, Bangladesh has developed Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan (BCCSAP). They determined six thematic areas among them food security, social protection and health ranked top, which indicates that the country needs to be not only self-sufficient in terms of food production but also manage equitable distribution of nutritious food. Consequently, Climate Change Trust Fund (CCTF) was generated by the Government in 2009-10 in order to reduce vulnerabilities caused by the adverse effects of climate change with the allocation of US$ 350 …show more content…
Bangladesh had been identified as highly vulnerable to the effects of climate change, because much of the land is low-lying and very flat making crop production susceptible to flooding and sea level rise. Nowadays, the intensity and frequency of happenings storms, irregular rainfall, high temperature, flash floods, salinity and drought will be increased and intensified due to the effects of global warming (UNDP, 2009).
Rice is particularly vulnerable because it is grown in low-lying coastal regions. These low-lying regions are vulnerable to rising sea levels and changes in weather patterns which could lead to a substantial decline in land and productivity of rice farms. Therefore, the negative effects of climate change on rice production has the potential to negatively impact rural households who depend mostly on agricultural income and the government ability to achieve food security. This could lead to increased food insecurity and higher levels of poverty, especially for the poorest and most vulnerable. Indeed, whatever improvement Bangladesh has achieved in agricultural production but high vulnerability of climatic shocks make the sustainability

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