Early Mesopotamia

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Early Society in Southwest Asia and the Indo-European Migrations During the fourth millennium population increased in Mesopotamia. Inhabitants had a few presidents who would guide them. These people had to find a way to keep order so they experimented and adapted once again. This was when people created city states which brought political and social order to their territories. Effective political and military organization enabled them to build regional empires.
In the sixth millennium Sumer was inhabited by people who began to build irrigation networks. Irrigation increased food supplies which increased the population. Sumerians showed potential which later in attracted migrants. Around 3000 B.C.E the population of Sumer approached one hundred thousand. The Semitic migrants included Akkadians, Aramaic, Hebrews, and Phoenicians. Human number began to increase again in 4000 B.C.E. At that time Sumerians built the first city were centers of political and military authority extended to other regions.
From 3200 to 2350 B.C.E Sumerian cities Eridu, Ur, Uruk, Lagash, Nippur, Kish, and others dominated public affair in Mesopotamia. The cities experienced internal and external pressures that move them to establish states.
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This was because they kept memories of their historical experiences in sacred writings. Hebrews, Israelites, and Jews interacted a lot with Mesopotamians which had a profound consequence in the development of their societies. Early Hebrews inhabited lands between Egypt and Mesopotamia during the second millennium B.C.E. Hebrews took notice to many of the deities’ values and customs that were common to Mesopotamian people. They even borrowed the principle of lex talionis from the Hammurabi’s code. Many of the stories the Hebrews had were also very similar to those of Mesopotamians. Though not exact same stories, Hebrew altered them to adapt into their own

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