Cultural Discipline Analysis

1639 Words 7 Pages
Family, culture and society are all influential to help develop children’s cognitive skills, values and behaviour. (Gonzalez-Mena,2008). Discipline as part of child-rearing practices is developed by society and culture ( Bradley and Kibera, 2006). How society and or culture influences discipline will be analysed using different theoretical perspectives and finally, the effect of discipline to child development.

Discipline is the process of teaching children the values and normative behaviours of their society (Wissow, 2002). Parents in all societies and cultures struggles over the complex issue of disciplining children (Yorburg, 2002) as each behaviour, child, family, parental beliefs, society’s laws, norms and beliefs are different
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In Jamaica, parents way of discipline use harsh physical measures. Beating children is a “socio-cultural norm to impose discipline while teachers use beating as part of their pedagogical strategy ( Smith & Mosby, 2003). Most countries in Africa also imposed harsh physical disciplines to children and are mostly attributed to the nation’s experience of slavery. Most countries in the Pacific see violent punishment of children as acceptable part of local culture ( Ali, 2006). Western style of discipline are more inclined to democratic parenting practices (Lerner, Rothbaum, Boulos, & Castellino, 2002). Caucasian American society embraces independence and emphasises self-expression, personal uniqueness, and self-sufficiency. Asian society emphasises interdependence, solidarity, obedience, personal humility which affects how they choose and implement discipline (Wang & Leichtman, 2000) …show more content…
Scaffolding will help children learn to control their behaviour internally. This scaffolding entails dialogue, social interaction and graduated assistance ( Smith et al, 2005) to develop self-regulation, responsibility and initiative. To enable the parents to develop appropriate behaviour among their children, they need to be able to discern on their disciplining practices. Discourse can be applied to produce an informed expectations and action plan towards the idea that will be implemented (Claiborne & Drewery, 2010). From Sweden’s abolishment of corporal punishment to children in 1979 to recent initiatives to promote positive discipline among children in global and local scene, the differences in disciplining children can be attributed to poststructural perspectives. Diversity and multiculturalism are valued in postructural perspective, allowing a broader and deeper understanding of practice in question ( Grey, 2010). It challenges the prevailing beliefs and practices and employ critical reflection of situations where discipline should be imposed to enhance children’s development, rather than employing techniques that leave long-term negative impacts on children. It empowers the parents to make their own discourse about their families discipline

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