Factors Affecting Australia's Population Growth Rate

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Immigration Australia’s population growth rate is declining at a rate of 1.6% (OECD, 2016). Over the span of 50 years from 1962 to 2012 the birth rate of Australians has decreased from 3.43 babies per woman to 1.89 babies per woman (Gapminder). This societal shift has had a huge impact on population, and therefore has also severely impacted Australia’s economic growth rate. A solution for economies experiencing a loss in population is an increase in immigration. “The purpose of migration is to build the economy, shape society, support the labour market and reunite family” (Border Patrol, 2016). However, Australia has been known to be socially averse to accepting more immigrants.
In 2013, Australia had and inflow of 253,000 permanent immigrants.
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Since the turn of the century, the country has passed policies to address problems that the Australian health care system continues to face, stemming from their unique federal-state government. The two entities were blaming each other for the safety and funding problems that the health care system experienced, while the system itself continually struggles with rising health costs, increased chronic disease, and an aging population. Although state governments are in charge of public hospitals, 45% of funding is provided by the Commonwealth government (Braithwair, Matsuyama, & Mannion, 2015, pg. 113-117). “Regulation of the quality of community care is a work in progress and likely to gain increasing attention given the growing focus on community care in federal government aged care programmes” (Mor, Leone, & Maresso, 2014, pg. 177). There have been a multitude of policy improvements to the health care system over recent decades, but time is necessary to see the long-term impact of such actions. Australians are generally approving of the health care system, but physical location and age have pertinent effects on an individual’s level of …show more content…
The rich are getting richer at a faster rate than the lower income groups can catch up, which has led to a rise in inequality. Although the inequality Australian’s face today is less than what Americans do, they have a similar level of income inequality as Portugal, Japan, Greece, and New Zealand (OECD, 2013). Income redistribution helps alleviate this to some extent, but it is worthwhile to note that Aboriginals are on average poorer and most reliant on government support than non-Aboriginals. The Australian Bureau of Statistics notes, “[The] top 20% of households when ranked by their level of wealth, owned 62% of total household wealth in 2013–2014. By comparison, the bottom 20% of households, owned less than 1% of all household wealth (2016). Although income and wealth inequality do not pose a significantly larger problem for Australia compared to similar countries, the trend towards an increasing wealth gap between higher and lower socioeconomic groups where race plays a significant role is troubling for the direction of equality growth, or conversely diminishment, in the

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