Immigration And Urbanization In The 19th And 20th Century

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Chicago in 1893 was an example of the progress of American civilization from the recent emergence of industrial technology. It was also known as a “gray city” and complaints were made because visitors could not communicate as three-fourths of the population was foreign-born. The changes in the numbers and sources of international migrants in the 19th and 20th century altered the ethnic composition of many neighborhoods with the creation of certain types of neighborhoods and so-called “cliques”. The changes also altered the social makeup of the U.S. population by revolutionizing America to fit the social standards of immigrants.

Through the 1880’s, the majority of immigrants came from northern and western Europe: the British Isles,
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By the 1920, more Americans lived in urban areas than rural areas. Those moving into the cities were both immigrants and internal migrants. These streetcar cities outlined social changes in the makeup of the U.S. population due to immigrants. Streetcars, trolleys and subways allowed for the upper-class to move farther out from the city because they could commute to the cities. Mass transportation segregated urban workers by income. The upper and middle class moved to streetcar suburbs to escape the pollution, poverty and crime of the city. The exodus of higher-income residents left older sections of the city to the working poor, many of which were immigrants. The residential areas of the cities and suburbs both reflected and contributed to the class, ethnic, social and cultural divisions in American society. Another example of the alteration in the social makeup of the U.S. from immigrant influx is the presence of ethnic neighborhoods. As affluent citizens moved out of residences near the business districts, tenements were created. In the crowded tenement quarters, different immigrant groups created distinct ethnic neighborhoods where each group could maintain their own culture. This shows the adjustment to the incoming immigrants through the social …show more content…
William J. Levitt led the development of suburbia with is innovating Levittown, a project of 17,000 mass-produced, low-priced family homes on Long Island, New York. Low interest rates made moving to suburbs affordable for families of the middle-class. In a single generation, the majority of middle-class Americans had moved into the suburbs. The effect of the mass movement into suburbia was horrendous for the older inner cities. Cities from Boston to Los Angeles became increasingly poor and racially divided and there were serious social consequences. WWII dramatically changed the United States. After the war, most of the Americans at home and the millions coming back from military service wished to return to normal domestic life and enjoy the revitalized national economy. There were a lot domestic social changes in the 20th century due to the U.S. involvement in global conflicts like the movement of people and financing

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