Immanuel Kant's Theory Of Ethics: An Introduction To Ethics

1152 Words 5 Pages
Austin Parker
Intro to Ethics, Dr. Rigoni

Ethics plays a huge role in the interaction of human beings on a daily basis. It allows people to choose between right and wrong behaviors in order to create a morally upright society. For this reason, several ethical theories exist to help understand the relationship between people. A majority of well-known philosophers such as Immanuel Kant, Bentham, Stuart Mill, and Gauthier have made great contributions to sociology by theories such as deontology, utilitarianism, and social contact theories. However, the deontological work by Immanuel Kant is the most favored compared to other moral frameworks. Its focus on duties of individuals rather than consequences has my preference.
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This is why he centered his theory of deontology on the human’s ability to reason. On the contrary, Kant’s deontology doesn’t account for one’s emotions, feelings, and consequences when deciphering the moral law or duty. The theory focuses on the understood law that human beings should perform the right actions from thinking rationally. Deontological ethics sets appropriate guidelines to raise reasoning and encourage positive behavior. Kant’s deontology relies on the human will to classify the validity of their actions (Waluchow, 2003). Good human will is connected with positive actions in social settings and moral law. However, some factors will result in weak and irrational decisions that affect the efficiency of the decision making …show more content…
People who minimize rationality will most likely make bad decisions. Individuals with critical thinking minds make better choices. Bad will leads to the habit of inappropriate morals, and vice versa for good will. That implies that don 't logical ethics respects freedom. It doesn 't trick them into making the good choices, but instead let 's them rationally think out their choices. The freedom allows independent decisions that help development of the right moral virtues. Deontology doesn 't influence the decision making of an individual, but provides a guideline to ensure good decision making.
Human Rights
Deontology is universal. It applies to tall people and satisfies the standard human rights adopted globally. The world 's human rights are based on the proposed laws of deontological ethics (Mizzoni, 2010). Several philosophers have developed ethical theories, but few of them conform to human rights (Hinman, 2013). The majority violate the rights of an individual. Like the social contract theory, it characterized society based on class, culture, and race which does not conform to equality.

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