How are individuals able to expand their identities in society? If individuals expanded their identities, would they be able to begin to form a utopia? An utopia is an ideal world where everyone is happy together without any worries or concerns. In the book Brave New World, Aldous Huxley creates a utopian world where individuals are created in a community using genetic engineering, dehumanizing them by conditioning their brains for consumerism to create stability in society. To achieve stability in society, people must give up their individual identities by conforming into society’s set of rules to create stability and happiness
for everyone else. Because individuals are bound to stay in a community, it prevents them from exploring themselves as individuals and expanding on their identities. Aldous Huxley develops the idea that adversity allows individuals to expand their perceptions of their identities using hardships which lead to isolation and ultimately freedom of thought
. We can best see this idea throughout the character development of Bernard Marx .
Despite the fact that hardships are often seen as a negative aspect and are avoided to attract happiness and joy, it is critical to have these experiences as a human in shaping their identities because these experiences allow them to make decisions in the future. Hardships and suffering allow individuals to set narratives through emotions which then shape their identity. In the utopian world of the novel, Bernard is