Identify Blood Groups

Improved Essays
Everyone has heard of the blood types A, B, AB, and O, but not everyone understands what these letters mean. A blood type or blood group is a classification of blood based on the presence or absence of inherited antigenic substances on the surface of red blood cells. When you receive a blood transfusion, doctors have to make sure it is a match to your blood type, if not it can kill you (Wayman, 2012). The blood types A, B, AB, and O are known as the ABO blood group (Wayman, 2012). This blood group is believed to have evolved around 20 million years ago (Wayman, 2012). Our bodies produce antibodies which are used to fight infection, but antibodies can be used to also be used to identify blood types. Antibodies will bind to only one type of structure on a cell, which is known as an antigen (Staff, 2015). These are useful when identifying blood types (Staff, 2015). A blood type is identified by the presence or absence of two …show more content…
This was important discovery for the concept of blood transfusions (Blood Group, 2015). In England during this time blood transfusions were tested on dogs (Blood Group, 2015). At the time these transfusion were taking place by Jean Baptiste Denis, a physician to King Louis XIV of France. He had been performing blood transfusions by transfusing lambs blood into humans (Blood Group, 2015). During these transfusions he documented the reactions that the patients were having, and these are considered to be the first recorded accounts of we know as hemolytic transfusion reactions (Blood Group, 2015). These reactions are caused by someone is given the wrong blood type. It wasn’t until someone died from this type of transfusion until it was considered against the law. After this tragic loss little progress was made on blood transfusions or blood typing for the next 150

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    one feels they are a part of a group. I personally identify as a citizen of multiple groups, organizations and countries. I am a citizen of Italy and the United States. However, I consider myself a citizen of my community in East Lansing, Michigan State University, my job and my fraternity. To me, it is identity that creates citizenship. Someone is a citizen of any group or idea that they identify with and feel a part of. The theme of citizenship is evident in Blood at the Root, which I attended on…

    • 547 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Hba1c Essay

    • 767 Words
    • 4 Pages

    “Diabetes Mellitus is a group of metabolic disease characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action or both”(American Diabetes Association, n. d). A chronic hyperglycemia is associated with long-term damage of various organs such as kidney, heart, nerves, blood vessels and others (American Diabetes Association, n.d). Diabetes is one of the leading cause of death among various population which requires a proper tool to diagnose in earlier stage so that people…

    • 767 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Modern Day Forensics

    • 537 Words
    • 3 Pages

    The article I chose for this week was about blood typing and modern day forensics as the title describes. It describes how fingerprinting was one of the first methods to convict someone of a crime in the 1800s until Paul Uhlenhuth created the precipitin test, involving a serum that reacted to human blood. The article also mentions the discovery of ABO blood groups by Karl Landsteiner in 1901. The effects of blood typing in nursing is also discussed in the article, with nurses playing a crucial part…

    • 537 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays