Ideas Of The Enlightenment

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The Enlightenment shaped philosophical mindsets that remain the foundation of our understanding of freedom and equality . The philosophers explored not only politics, but began to discover the human condition, asking questions about morality and equality that no one had ever dared to look at with a scientific view. A society was born from the political thinking that originated in this period, and this society remains close to these ideals today. America is free because of these European thinkers. The ideas of the Enlightenment shaped vital facets of America’s groundwork, such as capitalism, the American Revolution, and the Bill Of Rights. America began as an experiment governed by these ideals, and took shape into what it is today. John Locke, …show more content…
His ideal of government was that each, separate branch of government limit the power of the other two, and no branch could limit the freedom of the people. This was known as separation of powers. It was his belief, as a lawyer, that all things were made up of laws that never changed, and his exploration of the nature of these laws that lead him to imagine the democratic principles that govern our society as it is today. He wrote, “When the lawmaking and law-enforcement powers are united in the same person...there can be no liberty.” As a Frenchman, which was a monarchy, the only place he could look to as an example of his principle of Separation of powers was England, which was divided between the king, Parliament, and judicial system. This same balancing system of government is reflected deeply in the foundations of America’s branches of government, which are legislative, executive, and judicial. These are the branches any law has to be passed through, and each branch can veto the decisions of the others, so no one group, nor person, has absolute power like in a monarchy or oligarchy. This principle has guided our government through countless decisions that have altered the political, moral, economic, and social landscape of our

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