Ib Model

709 Words 3 Pages
Discuss and critically evaluate the model of functioning set out in the ICF. Explain how this approach differs from the traditional medical model of mental health care.
The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) is a framework for describing and classifying the health components of functioning and disability. It was developed in 2001 by the World Health Organisation, after extensive testing was completed worldwide (http://www.wcpt.org/sites/wcpt.org/files/files/GH-ICF_overview_FINAL_for_WHO.pdf ). The ICF model is based upon a biopsychosocial perspective of health (McDougell, 2010). It has created a standard language for the definition of health and disability which allows communication of health information
…show more content…
This models structure acknowledges that health and disorders are not linearly linked to an individual’s functioning (Allan et al, 2006). Figure 1 shows a representation of the relationships between the 6 aspects of the ICF model. The model describes decreases in human functioning as the result of the interaction between contextual factors and health disorders (Jette, 2006). The ICF’s six aspects including body structures which refers to anatomical parts of the body and body functions which refers to physiological and psychological functions. Activities are the doing of tasks or actions and participation is the involvement in life situations (Allan et al, 2006). The ICF also considers contextual factors as being involved in an individual’s health. These include environmental factors and personal factors. Environmental factors are the physical and social environment in which an individual conducts their life. Personal factors include an individual’s age, gender, race and socio-economic status (Allan et al, 2006). Therefore the ICF model is an effective model of disability management as it considers the physical, social, psychological and emotional needs of an individual (Jette, …show more content…
As stated by Engel the biomedical model “assumes disease to be fully accounted for by deviations from the norm of measurable biological variables. It leaves no room within its framework for the social, psychological and behavioral dimensions of illness” (Engel, 1977, p130). This is in comparison to the ICF model which a large aspect of the model focuses on the environmental factors. This is the most noticeable difference between the medical model and the ICF

Related Documents