Essay IB History IA

1433 Words Dec 30th, 2013 6 Pages
'' Which factors led to the civil war in Spain? Why did the war breakout in July 1936? ''

Francisco Abadal Ramon

Section A: Plan of investigation

This paper investigates ''to what extent did the left wing political opposition lead to the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939?'' In order to reach to a valid conclusion this investigation will be focusing on the comparison of different factors that took place before an during the Spanish Civil War, such as the role of the Spanish Army and the Church, the nature of the economy and the new left wing ideologies. The method of investigation will be a detailed research of primary source evidence such as speeches, and as well reliable secondary source
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The Church, as usual, was supported by the high-middle class, being very conservative and traditional. Therefore, they were opposed to other political ideologies that supposed reducing their power. By part of the working class, many riots were organized in rural and urban class against the Church, in order to demonstrate their ideas about it. The role of the Church has more weigh the role of the Spanish Army because it had more repercussion and negative impacts on the working class, leading it to something stronger to be hated. An evidence of this is that 160 churches were destroyed and 269 were murdered in four months, before the war started (Gil Robles 1936), and this shows how much the role of the Church was hated.

The third factor this essay is discussing is the nature of the economy. The Spanish economy was based on agriculture. It was the main source of employment; however there was still an existent lack of food and there was only seasonal employment. At the Centre and South of Spain most of the land was owned by the State, not giving the opportunity to the labour force of having their own land, to make their own profit or at least have the opportunity of having their own food supply. The peasants were more likely to seek for alternative ideologies, such as anarchism, which were supporting the idea of land distribution. Riots were breaking out in the countryside because of the inefficiency and the

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