Hypertension : The Common Condition Of Vascular Disorder Essay
Hypertension is the most common condition of vascular disorder. According to recent researches, in the US, nearly 1 in 3 people are diagnosed with hypertension and in most cases patients do not experience any signs and symptoms; as a result it is known as silent killer (CDC.gov, 2014). However, high pressure of the blood against the arteries might cause headache, redness, dizziness or syncope. If left untreated hypertension can cause other lethal health problems (Mayo Clinic, 2014). In hypertension, the arterial constriction causes force of the blood against the artery walls to be increased which ultimately results in damaging of other body organs and causes serious health problems such as: stroke and heart disease (Ignatavicius, 2013). Since there is no cure for this condition, the goal of treatment would focus on keeping the blood pressure rate under normal range to prevent organs damage. The purpose of this paper is to explore the problems related to hypertension, risk factors, treatments and the role of nursing using nursing processes throughout patient care.
Depending on physical activities, food intake and emotional status, the range of blood pressure usually fluctuate. However, when the systolic pressure reaches 140 mm Hg with the diastolic pressure of 90 mm Hg or more then the patient is diagnosed with hypertension (NHLBI, 2014). The normal systolic blood pressure is 120mm Hg with the diastolic blood pressure of 80mm Hg. When patient’s…