Hypertension : High Blood Pressure Essay

1363 Words Nov 11th, 2015 6 Pages
Hypertension, more commonly known as high blood pressure, is a disease that occurs when the force of blood flow against the walls of the arteries is too great, causing an unhealthy stretching of the walls and strain on the heart. Approximately 80 million U.S. adults have been diagnosed with having this disease, making it extremely common. Although symptoms are typically not present, hypertension is a very dangerous condition and can have a deadly effect if not prevented or treated in a timely manner. Before hypertension can be explained, it is best to understand blood pressure as a whole. Blood pressure is a natural, changeable function in the human body. It is measured on a scale that can vary from low (hypotension), to normal, to high (hypertension). “For the majority of patients with high blood pressure, the cause is unknown. This is classified as primary hypertension. Over 90% of patients with high blood pressure have primary hypertension. Primary hypertension cannot be cured, but it can be controlled with appropriate therapy” (Bell, Olin and Twiggs pg.2). When being measured, blood pressure readings typically read back two different numbers. The first numerical reading is referred to as the Systolic number, or top number. This measurement is a reflection of the pressure that exists in the arteries when the heart muscles contract. The second numerical reading is referred to as the Diastolic measurement, or the bottom number. Diastolic readings refer to the pressure…

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