Essay on Hypertension : High Blood Pressure

1292 Words Aug 5th, 2015 6 Pages
Hypertension or otherwise known as High blood pressure is defined as a high force of blood pushing on the walls of the arteries during the flow of blood. Blood pressure is measured as the heart pumps and as the heart fills and rests in between heartbeats. This is called systolic pressure and diastolic pressure. They are both measured in milliliters of mercury. Those with a systolic pressure of over 120 and a diastolic pressure of above 80 are clinically defined as having prehypertension and those with a systolic pressure of over 140 and a diastolic pressure of over 90 are defined as having hypertension. Naturally our blood pressure raises and lowers on its own. When we sleep it lowers and when we wake up it increases. During the day our blood pressure can increase due to responses to exercise or anxiety. If blood pressure is raised all the time this is considered hypertension. This disease affects over 26% of adults worldwide and 34% adults in the U.S. Although few, children suffer from hypertension as well. The disease is a growing problem worldwide.
There are two types of high blood pressure, primary (essential) hypertension and secondary hypertension. Primary hypertension does not have a specific cause that can be identified. This type of hypertension develops slowly throughout a person’s life. Secondary hypertension is caused by an underlying condition. In this type it arises suddenly and the blood pressure is usually much higher than in primary hypertension. There…

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