Essay on Hypertension : High Blood Pressure

1875 Words Nov 24th, 2016 8 Pages
Hypertension What is hypertension? In medical terms, hypertension is high blood pressure. When it comes to cardiovascular disease it is very common in the United States. “In fact, it is the most widespread chronic disease in Western society.” (Brill, 2013) There are many prescriptions written for the common diagnosis of hypertension in the United States. According to the book Blood Pressure Down, it is the number one cause of stroke and kidney disease and can be a secondary cause for heart disease and blindness. “Hypertension is a serious risk factor for Cardio Vascular Disease and can lead to heart attacks or even stroke. “ (Brill, 2013) When a patient goes to the doctor for any reason, one of the first things the nurse will do is check your blood pressure using a sphygmomanometer. The book Blood Pressure Down explains blood pressure as a measurement of the force against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps blood through the body. Blood pressure can either be high or low and neither is good. High blood pressure is too much force on the arteries. Factors that play a role in your blood pressure are heart rate, the amount of resistance in your blood vessels and the thickness or viscosity of the blood. One can think of the heart as a pump and the walls of the arteries as a hose. There are many factors we can use to control the pressure in the hose. High blood pressure is like turning the water on high and pumping water through the hose at an excessive rate.
We can…

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