Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Case Study

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Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy assists in wound healing by stimulating the blood vessels to dissolve more oxygen throughout the body from the increased administration of oxygen pressure. During this process, bacteria decreases, stem cells and growth factors increases, which promotes rapid wound healing.

Side Effect Definition/Describe

A. Pneumothorax: Pneumothorax is defined as a collapsed lung due to the presence of gas or air within the thoracic cavity.

B. Air Embolism: An air embolism is also known as a “gas bubble,” and can be defined as block in the vascular system due to an air/gas bubble.

C. Oxygen Toxicity: Oxygen toxicity is also known as “oxygen poisoning” or
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Type/Cause – A patient had a mass on the back of his head caused by residual cancer. He had surgery on the mass in attempt to remove the cancer, but the wound failed to heal correctly and cancer was still active within the wound. He also had lung cancer and was currently receiving chemotherapy.

Treatment- The treatment of choice for his wound was contraindicated due to his active cancer. The physician applied a prisma dressing with cutimed within the base of the wound.

3. Describe 3 types of wound dressings you observed being used. Include the type of wound the client had, what the purpose of the dressing is, and how often it will need to be changed. (9pts)

a). Wound Type: Stage 3 pressure ulcer

Dressing and its purpose: Silvadene is an antimicrobial silver dressing. A silvadene sheet dressing was used to treat infection or prevent infection within the wound.

How often changed: A silvadene sheet dressing should be changed every 7
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Wound Type: Diabetic foot wound (ulcer)

Dressing and its purpose: An Apligraf dressing was used on the foot ulcer. Apligraf promotes wound healing from the superficial coating of protective skin and collagen within the dressing. It is made up of living cells derived from baby foreskin.

How often changed: After an Apligraf dressing is applied, it should be changed in 3-5 days, depending on the physician’s order.

c). Wound Type: Amputated left great toe due to gangrene

Dressing and its purpose: V.A.C Granufoam dressing is used to provide a bacterial barrier to reduce the risk of infection in a wound.

How often changed: The Granufoam dressing should be changed every 4-6 weeks, depending on the physician’s order.

4. Discuss 5 ways this experience will help you as an LPN. (5pts)

A. This experience will help me as an LPN to become more knowledgeable about different wound dressings.

B. This experience will help as an LPN to provide the right patient teaching about prevention methods to reduce the risk of wounds.

C. This experience will help me as LPN to learn how to change and apply dressings the correct way, depending on the type of

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