Essay about Hydraulic Fracturing Is Natural Gas

1274 Words Dec 3rd, 2015 null Page
According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency, hydraulic fracturing or fracking is a “well stimulation process used to maximize the extraction of underground resources.” The resource most commonly extracted using hydraulic fracturing is natural gas. The practice of hydraulic fracturing is highly controversial as proponents and opponents debate its environmental benefits and costs. To begin, the use of hydraulic fracturing has greatly increased in the twenty-first century. The first hydraulic fracturing experiment was conducted by the Stanolind Oil and Gas Corporation, but the experiment was unsuccessful. The Halliburton Oil Well Cementing Company in 1949 carried out the first commercial hydraulic fracturing project (Hyder and Lerner 2250). They used a mixture of crude oil, gasoline and sand to fracture the wells, and by 1950, the Halliburton Oil Well Cementing Company had fracked 332 wells (Briggle 282). The United States government began researching the use of hydraulic fracturing in shale gas in the 1970’s. It became commercially practicable to extract natural gas from shale when Mitchell Energy developed a technique known as slickwater fracturing. The process of slickwater fracturing begins by drilling a vertical well to the natural gas layer. Next, they drill up to 10,000 feet horizontally. Finally, a water and chemical mixture is pumped into the wellbore. One of the chemicals used in slickwater fracturing is polyacrylamide. Polyacrylamide is…

Related Documents